A recent study analyzed existing studies to investiate the possible relationship between gluten-free and low-FODMAP diets with mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia and autism.
The researchers reviewed 13 clinical and randomized controlled trials in the last 10 years and found out that limiting or ruling out gluten in the diet:
- might be beneficial for symptoms such as depression, anxiety or cognition deficiency (in case of Alzheimer’s) in people with IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), celiac disease and fibromyalgia (a rheumatic condition) and a degree of gluten sensitivity;
- is less helpful in case of schizophrenia and the autism disorders.
The effect of a low FODMAP diet on the development of the mental illnesses turned to be even more uncertain.
The researchers highlight that the existing studies in this investigation area are scarce. That is why more research is needed to come to completely reliable conclusions.
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